14. Policies for smart and co-creative cities

As the world is becoming more urbanized, cities act as magnetic forces, attracting talent, knowledge, creativity and businesses. More than countries, cities will have a leadership role shaping the future and facing relevant challenges.

Besides being spaces of growth, innovation and knowledge, many cities presents a legacy of inadequate infrastructures (transport, sewers, electricity and water supply) and under-investments on social policies to face social exclusion, poverty, gender inequality, ageing, and a lack of public participation, public health and education). Besides traditional problems, new problems are emerging related to global greenhouse gas emissions, climate change, sea level rise and coastal pressure, recycling, domestic garbage, food supply, renewal energy, energy-inefficient buildings). Those are just some of the challenges that cities across the globe are facing today in a context of economical and financial crisis.

Technology plays an increasingly role in our lives. From the ubiquity of smartphones to the world of wearables, nowadays almost everything and everyone is connected. It’s a wired world where every single actor, from global companies to a person, are a main data source, observatories in real time of our lives, our houses, our cities, our economy, our quality of live (Towsend, 2013).

Smart cities are data driven; the foundation of any Smart city project (1spatial, 2016, in http://1spatial.com/campaign/smartcities) depends on geospatial data, not only for knowing and monitor the needs of the citizens, but also to foresee alternative futures, prepared to face future challenges. Today, cities suddenly have access to big data, but the challenge is to transform this big data in useful data (eg. Intelligence), highlighting the role of advanced geographical models to understand cities in a context of system of networks and flows (Batty, 2013).

For many cities, smart cities model (Smart cities final report, 2007 In http://www.smart-cities.eu/download/smart_cities_final_report.pdf) has been the answer. This means to build a city through a combination of smart economy, smart mobility, smart environment, smart people, smart living and smart governance, being technology, cooperation and competition the driving forces of a better future. City administrations, utility companies along with ITC firms are partnering to explore ways for cities to grow smarter. Along with this technological revolution we are also witnessing a shift in how we should be planning and manage a city.

How to overcome the referred issues, be attractive and still manage inclusion and sustainable growth, but with less resources? In particular, this session seeks papers that engage with the planning and lived realities of Smart Cities, Big Data, IoT, M2M, VGI and PPGIS in Europe.