11. Healthy and liveable cities
The achievement of healthy and liveable cities is related to the development of the best practices not only on the health promotion, but also on the promotion of more inclusive cities. Urban problems such as: social and economic exclusion, poor air quality, traffic congestion, waste production, industrial emissions etc. faced by elected officials and urban managers are marked by strong social and territorial disparities as result of a multidimensional set of factors. In this context, public health policy changed from a focus on the disease to a more holistic and, at same time, territorialized perspective.
Since 1986, when the World Health Organization launched the Healthy Cities movement, policy and planning for healthy cities was centred on urban poverty, inclusion, participatory governance, as well as on social, economic and environment determinants of health.
In the more recent period, the increasing concern about creating healthier and more liveable cities in the political agenda is grounded on a sense of urgency and an ever more participative intervention and demands of different stakeholders. Policy actions and spatial interventions in areas like urban mobility, climate change, urban regeneration, resource use, health care, waste management, food systems, social inclusion or economic development, among others, are efforts that generally contribute to some effective improvements. EU is strongly supporting these actions and initiatives, especially integrative and innovative solutions in urban planning, technology, food systems and transportation through different formal and informal agreements, institutions and projects funding. However, the issue is also of contextual nature and strongly rooted in the values of particular city dwellers and economic actors and their capacity to change mind-sets and behaviour regarding urban production, consumption and living in general. It is believed that contextualising and building a long-term common purpose and co-responsibility among different stakeholders in pluralistic arenas will enable evolution of incremental improvements to a systematic change. In this aspect, the Track strongly relates to the Congress’ theme: Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity: Fostering the European Dimension of Planning.
Finally, we encourage the presentation of papers focused on the discussion and presentation of initiatives and best practices for promoting and improving health and livability in our cities. We would also like to invite academics and practitioners to share critical and constructive, as well as normative and contextual perspectives about the extent of their possible replicability.